## Paper: A Robust Class of Context-Sensitive Languages (at LICS 2007)

**Salvatore La Torre Parthasarathy Madhusudan Gennaro Parlato**

### Abstract

We define a new class of languages defined by multi-stack automata that forms a robust subclass of context-sensitive languages, with decidable emptiness and closure under boolean operations. This class, called multi-stack visibly pushdown languages (MVPLs), is defined using multi-stack pushdown automata with two restrictions: (a) the pushdown automaton is visible, i.e. the input letter determines the operation on the stacks, and (b) any computation of the machine can be split into k stages, where in each stage, there is at most one stack that is popped. MVPLs are an extension of visibly pushdown languages that captures noncontext free behaviors, and has applications in analyzing abstractions of multithreaded recursive programs, signifi- cantly enlarging the search space that can be explored for them. We show that MVPLs are closed under boolean operations, and problems such as emptiness and inclusion are decidable. We characterize MVPLs using monadic second-order logic over appropriate structures, and exhibit a Parikh theorem for them.

### BibTeX

@InProceedings{LaTorreMadhusudanPa-ARobustClassofConte, author = {Salvatore La Torre and Parthasarathy Madhusudan and Gennaro Parlato}, title = {A Robust Class of Context-Sensitive Languages}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS 2007)}, year = {2007}, month = {July}, pages = {161--170}, location = {Wroclaw, Poland}, publisher = {IEEE Computer Society Press} }